Cancer screening involves testing apparently healthy people for signs that could show that a cancer is developing. Breast screening uses a test called mammography which involves taking x-rays of the breasts. Screening can help to find breast cancers early, when they are too small to see or feel.
Younger women generally do not consider themselves to be at risk for breast cancer. Breast cancer can strike at any age: five percent of breast cancer cases occur in women under 40 years of age. All women should be aware of their personal risk factors for breast cancer.
Routine breast cancer screening is important for all women, but even more so for those at higher than average risk. If you're at higher risk of breast cancer, you may need to be screened earlier and more often than other women. A woman is considered at higher risk if she has one factor that greatly increases risk or several factors that together, greatly increase risk.
Back to Health A to Z. Breast cancer is the most common type of cancer in the UK. There's a good chance of recovery if it's detected in its early stages. For this reason, it's vital that women check their breasts regularly for any changes and always get any changes examined by their GP.
This test includes both well-established breast cancer susceptibility genes, as well as candidate genes with limited evidence of an association with breast cancer. Who is this test for? Patients with a personal or family history suggestive of a hereditary breast cancer syndrome.
Each claims to provide additional prognostic information beyond conventional prognostic markers and to aid in determining who should receive systemic therapy. Evidence for their clinical utility was reviewed to determine whether any of them should be considered as routine clinical test. METHODS: Peer reviewed publications, meeting abstracts, and information provided by company web sites have been reviewed to compile information regarding their clinical utility according to the following criteria; 1 Analytical validity and regulatory approval of the reference lab test.
You should visit your health care provider from time to time, even if you are healthy. The purpose of these visits is to:. Even if you feel fine, you should still see your provider for regular checkups.
Radiologists characterize each mammogram into one of four levels of overall density: almost entirely fatty, scattered areas of fibroglandular density, heterogeneously dense, and extremely dense. There are two primary implications of mammographic breast density. The first involves the effect on mammographic sensitivity i. Masking occurs when surrounding breast tissue obscures a cancer.
The following tables give the history of cancer detection tests that have been recommended by the American Cancer Society for people who are at average risk for cancer unless otherwise specified and do not have any specific symptoms. These recommendations have changed over time as new tests have become available and as more evidence for or against the value of some of these tests has emerged. People who are at increased risk for certain cancers may need to follow a different testing schedule, such as starting at an earlier age or being tested more often.
After a screening mammogram, it is not uncommon to be called back for further breast X-rays. About 1 in 20 women are asked to come back for further breast X-rays. These X-rays will focus on the area of the breast that needs to be examined in more detail. If this is necessary BreastScreen WA will contact you to make an appointment.